Termichlor Termida-30 amcothrum Termichlor Termichlor Termichlor

Termichlor contains "Chlorpyriphos 20% EC" an organophosphorus insecticide which is approved for pre and post construction termite control by Central Insecticides Board. Government of India, Central Building Research institute (FRI) and is one of the major chemicals recommended by bureau of Indian standards (BIS) [IS 6313:2001 - part 2] as termiticide. Presently Chorpynphos is a widely used and effective termiticide in India. Termichlor has triple action - contact poison, stomach poison and some vapour action.

Termichlor creates effective soil barrier zone with longer persistence in soil. It is also cost effective.

 

What is termite?

A termite is an insect of the order, Isoptera with six legs and a body divided into three main constrictions, namely head, thorax and abdomen. On the head, too, are the mandibles that bite the wood as well as black compound eyes. The thorax or chest consists of three segments to each of which are attached a pair of legs and in those termites that are winged a paor of wings is attached to each of the last to segments of the thorax. There are three castes: reproductives, workers and solders. Reprodctive forms have two pairs of equal wings and one paor of compound eyes. Workers and solders are blond, sexless, wingless and have thin cuticles that are susceptible to desiccation in dry or exposed environments.

 

Why are termites so destructive?

The answer is that the indivuals are long lived, that the colony is self perpetuating, that the insects have constantly available supply of food, that they are social insects and thus cooperate and are moreover protected from the enemies and extremes of heat and cold, storms etc. all of which are provided by their cryptobiotic or hidden mode of life.

 

What are the symptoms of termite infestation ?

They are :
  • Earthen tubes extended from ground to the wood
  • Wood attacked by subterranean termites comes readily apart when badly infested
  • The presence of winged termites males or females

Use of Termichlor in construction treatment Mix one part of Termichlor with 19 parts of water to prepare 1% Chloropyriphos solution. The Termichlor shall be applied uniformly at the prescribed rate in all stages of the treatment. A suitable hand operated compresses air sprayer or watering can should be used to facilitate uniform distribution of Termichlor. On large jobs, a power sprayer may be used to save labour and time. In the event of water logging of foundation, the water shall be pumped out and the chemical emulsion applies when the soil is absorbent.

 

(A) Pre Construction Treatment

Stage - I
In case of Masonary Foundation the bottom surface and the sides (upto a height of about 300 mm) of the excavations made from masonry foundations and basements shall be treated with the termichlor solution at the rate of 5 ltr./M square surface area.

Stage - II
After the masonry foundations and the retaining wall of the basements come, the backfill in immediate contact with the fonudation structure shall be treated at the rate of 5ltr./m2 of the vertical fo the vertical surface of the sub structure for each side. If water is used for ramming the earth fill, the Termichlor solution treatment shall be carried out after the rammign operation is done by rodding the earth at 150mm centres close to parallel to the wall surface and spraying the Termichlor solution at the above dosage. After the treatment, the soil should be tamped in place. The earth is usually returned in layer and the treamtnet shall be carried out in similar stages. The Termichlor Solution shall be directed towards the masonry surfaces so the earth in contact with these surfaces is well treated with the chemical.

In case of RCC foundations, the concrete is dense being a 1:2:4 (cement: fine aggregates: coarse aggregates, by volume) mix of richer, the termites are unable to penetrate it, it is therefore, unnecessary to start the treatment from bottom of excavations. The treatment shall start at the depth of 500mm below the ground level.

Stage - III
The top surface of the consolidated earth within the plinth walls shall be treated with termichlor solution at the rate of 5ltr./m square surface before the sand bed or sub-grade is laid. If the filled earth has been well rammed and the surface does not allow the emulsion to seep through, holes up to 50 to 75mm deep at the 150 mm centres both ways may be made with 12 mm diameter mild steel rod on the surface to facilitate saturation of the soil with Termichlor solution.

Stage - IV
Top surface of the consolidated earth over which the apron is to be laid shall be treated with Termichlor solution at the rate of 5ltr./m square of the surface before the apron is laid. If consolidated earth does not allow emulsion to seep through, holes up to 50 to 75 mm deep at the 150 mm centres both ways may be made with 12 mm diameter mild steel rod on the surface to facilitate saturation of the soil with Termichlor solution.

Termichlor

(B) Post Construction Treatment (BIS - 6313 Part - III 2001)

  • Treatment to masonry foundation
    Dig shovel width trench close to the external wall of the building exposing the foundation wall surface upto a depth of 50 cm. Apply Termichlor solution at the rate of 7.5 Ltr. Per running meter of the depth. For uniform dispersal of the chemical, make 30 to 50 cm, depth. If there is a concrete or masonary apron around the building, drill 12mm holes near the plinth wall, each 30cm apart and pump Termichlor solution to soak the soil below at the rate of
    2.25 ltr. per linear meter.
  • Treatment under the floor
    Drill holes of 12mm dia along the cracks if any at the junction of wall (having foundation) and floor ora long cracks at construction/expansion joints 300mm apart. inject Termichlor solution till refusal and maximum upto 1 ltr/hole. Seal the hole properly.
  • Treatment of Masonary wall
    Drill holes in the masonary wall at the downward angle of about 45 degress preferable from both sides of the plinth wall at 30 cm distance. Termichlor solution is squirted through these holes till refusal or maximum of 1 ltr per hole to soak the masonary using hand operated pressure pump. This treatment shall also be extended to internal walls having foundations in the soil.
  • Treatment at point of contact
    Drill hole at 45 degree angle 150mm apart to access the masonary wall adjacent to the door and window frames. Spray inject Termichlor solution till refusal and maximum upto 500 ml. per hole. Whole idea is to create a toxic barrier by soaking the masonary wall with Termichlor solution (water based).

Symtoms of Poisoning :

Headache, giddiness, nausea vomiting, blurred vision, excessive lachrymation and salivation.

Antidote :

Repeat intraveneous injection of atropine sulphate(2-4 mg at 5 - 10min. Interval) for hours untill symptoms subside. Administer 1- 2 g of 2-PAM diluted in 10ml, distilled water intravenously very slowly taking 10-15minutes.

Termichlor Warranty :

Since the use of this product is beyond our control, we can not assume any responsibility other thant he uniform quality of product.

Termichlor Packing Available :

1ltr, 5ltr, 20 ltr & 200 ltr.

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